Bruce A. McMenomy, Ph.D. and Christe A. McMenomy, Ph.D. for Scholars Online
2018-19: Mondays and Wednesdays, 4:00 - 5:30 p.m. Eastern Time
60: Mon, Apr 22, 2019
Please post in the forum for the day a short essay in response to this question:
Consider the different models of power and consent we find throughout Europe in this period. Specifically, consider the difference in court systems in England (Common Law, fairly uniformly administered under the Norman code), in France (variation in local laws recognized by royal authority), and in Germany and Italy (where a patchwork of local principalities enforced the views of their current overlords). How do these differences in perceived sources of power constrain individuals to live within the bounds of the local community? How might they encourage resistance or rebellion?
During the Reformation, a new concept of authority in the religious sphere, Sola Scriptura (i.e., “Scripture alone”), arises. Who decides what Scripture means? How does the concept of power change when an individual becomes responsible to himself for discerning what laws apply, and to God alone for obedience to these laws, when finally determined? How do institutions like the Church in Italy and the government in Spain respond to individuals who want to discern God’s purposes for themselves?
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